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Earthquakes and how they affect the Environment

Earthquakes are a very interesting phenomenon. They are an unusual occurrence on Earth. There are multiple effects of earthquakes on the environment. The U.S Geological Survey says, "The effects from earthquakes include ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, and less commonly, tsunamis." In extreme cases, earthquakes can cause irreparable damage to buildings and man-made structures. Earthquakes can be quite dangerous to humans living on Earth because there is little one can do to protect oneself.

The New York Times advises, "The next time you feel the ground shaking, follow these three steps: Drop to the ground, cover your body to prevent injuries — by crawling under a table, for example — and hold on, according to the Earthquake Country Alliance." The only real protection against an earthquake is to be low to the ground and shield your body against injury. Both the environment and humans suffer if there is a large enough earthquake.

Britannica says, "Earthquakes are caused by the sudden release of energy within some limited region of the rocks of the Earth. The energy can be released by elastic strain, gravity, chemical reactions, or even the motion of massive bodies." An earthquake's effect can cause great damage to the environment, through the creation of tsunamis, although that is quite rare. Additionally, landslides can occur which are quite dangerous to humans.

In the end, earthquakes are a scientifically-studied phenomenon that defy prediction or preparation. It is a fascinating study in how energy moves from tectonic plates in the Earth's crust to what humans feel as shock waves. It is a force of nature that the environment and humanity has to deal with.

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